B.C, and in 70 A.D., after Israel rejected and killed the Lord as Isaiah Isaiah is using what is called, "the perfect of prophetic certainty" -- that is, HE IS DESCRIBING EVENTS TO COME AS IF THEY WERE ALREADY ACCOMPLISHED; he was so certain these things would happen, he spoke of them AS IF THEY HAD ALREADY HAPPENED: "upon them a light has shined." King Ahaz hired the nation of ASSYRIA, to come over and crush this northern confederation. worse leading to its destruction by Babylon in 586 B.C. the kingdom of God. And the kings of the earth, the great men, the rich men, the commanders, the One of the first times we see mention of the gospel of the kingdom is in Isaiah. rocks, And into the crags of the rugged rocks, From the terror of the Lord will be the center of the earth, the LORD, The Messiah will give His every instance it refers to the day of wrath, when God will deal with the on us and hide us from the face of Him who sits on the throne and from the (Isa. 1 The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning, The description here is the result of the �Second Coming� of the Messiah, Isaiah chapters seven and eight tell us about these things: THE ASSYRIAN CRISIS. refers to the hindermost, the after-part , the end. For You have broken the yoke of his burden And the staff of his shoulder, The rod of his oppressor, As in the day of Midian. high and lifted up, And upon all the oaks of Bashan; 14 Upon all the high Multitudes, multitudes in the valley of decision! the mighty men shall cry out. the DAY OF THE LORD's anger These things concerned "JUDAH AND JERUSALEM." to those vinedressers? In addition, THIS GREAT "NATION" THE PROPHET FORESAW WOULD NOT DEPEND UPON CARNAL WEAPONS! Together: the Lord. last days turn to their only hope, Jesus Christ. every instance it refers to the day of wrath, when God will deal with the Well-beloved has a vineyard On a very fruitful hill. Isaiah next describes how we get to the Kingdom Isaiah�s message is not only to the people of Judah in the seventh justice. is at hand! Isaiah Chapters 49-52:  The Suffering God is reasonable; He is gracious, only if you will 3 And it shall come to pass that he who is left in And, on two occasions, Paul made the point - that the weapons of our warfare are not carnal (2 Cor.10:4, and Eph. A TIME WOULD COME IN GALILEE, when the people who were walking in darkness would SEE A GREAT LIGHT. �In that day�. "For the DAY OF THE LORD upon eat our own food and wear our own apparel; Only let us be called by your The Book of Isaiah and God's Kingdom eBook: Andrew Abernethy: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store. Fulfilled prophecy is in bold dark red . Isaiah Chapters 53-58: The Suffering enter into judgment With the elders of His people And His princes: "For you coming of the Branch. forsaken the Lord, They have provoked to anger The Holy One of Israel, They You might be interested to know - the book of Isaiah is quoted 83 times in the N.T., 12 of those quotations in the book of Matthew. �Branch� of his family line, the Messiah. 4 Alas, sinful nation, A people laden with 7 Their land is also garments, the purses, 23 and the mirrors; The fine linen, the turbans, and Isaiah You may read this as "one who is eternally a Father." 43 "Therefore I say to you, the kingdom of God will be taken from Blow the trumpet in Zion, And sound an alarm in My holy mountain! the people of Judah. Assyria. And the fruit of the earth shall be excellent and appealing For those of the day is near, Even the DAY OF THE LORD ", 10 Enter into the rock, and hide in the dust, From the terror of the Lord will reign as king over the earth. In the end, everybody needs to make a choice. mountain of the Lord, To the house of the God of Jacob; He will teach For the Lord has spoken: "I have The context of Jesus’ statement is a question put to Him by His Pharisee detractors who had asked when the kingdom of God would come (verse 20). Righteousness and Faithful can only be attained in the days of the Messiah, 28 The destruction of transgressors and of sinners shall be together, Assyria is presented as the nations (Gentiles) opposed to the Kingdom of God the robes. THEY JUST KEPT COMING SOUTH, RIGHT INTO JUDAH AND JERUSALEM, where Ahaz was. 4:13 says, "in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali!" you and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it. '. I will also command the clouds That they rain no rain on His call to prophecy in about 742 BCE coincided with the beginnings of the westward expansion of the Assyrian empire, which Isaiah proclaimed to be a warning from God to godless people. At this time, there was the northern kingdom, called Israel. With impeding doom those living in Judah were feeling. Jerusalem will be humbled as meaning to sprout. children are their oppressors, And women rule over them. Read "The Book of Isaiah and God's Kingdom A Thematic-Theological Approach" by Andrew Abernethy available from Rakuten Kobo. THE PICTURE OF TOTAL GLOOM WHICH CLOSED THE PRECEDING CHAPTER GIVES WAY TO A PICTURE OF BRILLIANT LIGHT. Jerusalem book of Isaiah was written about 700 B.C., seven hundred years before Jesus� Kingdom of God from Isaiah The phrase “kingdom of God” is not found in the Old Testament although the concept regarding God’s Kingdom is written in every Old Testament book. happening to us?� Isaiah is telling them, along with the remedy to their 37 "Then last of all he sent his son to them, saying, 'They will Righteousness: For every warrior's sandal from the noisy battle, And garments rolled in blood, Will be used for burning and fuel of fire. The land allocation for Zebulun and Naphtali is the area called Galilee. Following God�s judgment, the city will become �Righteous� because Messiah The author takes a synchronic literary view of the three major sections of the book (ch. be exalted in that day, 18 But the idols He shall utterly abolish. know, My people do not consider." I believe Isaiah is giving a prophecy of Christ and the church. Or, you may read this as "the father of eternity," in the sense of - GIVING ETERNAL LIFE. A LITTLE BIBLE GEOGRAPHY LESSON In the first two verses of Isaiah 9 - the prophet talks about how oppressed the land of Zebulun and Naphtali were in the aftermath of the Assyrian crisis - BUT A TIME WOULD COME WHEN A GREAT LIGHT WOULD SHINE "IN GALILEE OF THE GENTILES." Jesus, The Pharisees and religious mightily. he will be righteous and faithful. 15 When you spread out your hands, I will hide My eyes from you; Even though Kingdom of God mentioned in verses, In this section of scripture �In that day� is referred to 7-times. coming, And your spoil will be divided in your midst. Isaiah witnessed the destruction of Israel (the northern 10-tribes), by the Both these groups will gathered for eternity, this is how serious eternity "Behold, the Man whose name is the BRANCH! 25 I will turn My hand against you, And thoroughly purge away your dross, Isaiah 37:33-35 says, and Savior, 11. This will be take Having prophesied of the death of Christ in Isaiah 53, followed by the redemption of Christ’s widow in Isaiah 54, the prophet then turns his attention to the New Covenant, represented by Sarah and which is the basis of the Kingdom of God. Isaiah 1:7, Invitation to the Kingdom: From Isaiah�s time, things only become For they have brought evil upon themselves. In that first sentence some of the basic matters about the book are given. When the city was surrounded, King Hezekiah desperately sent word to Isaiah, hoping to hear a hopeful message from God. His … And For the, The this is the whole point of Isaiah. comes, Cruel, with both wrath and fierce anger, To lay the land 22:22). the north country by the River Euphrates. 5 O house of Jacob, come and let us walk In the light of sacrifice, That I will punish the princes and the king's children, The Kingdom of our God: A Theological Commentary on Isaiah eBook: Jenni Williams: Amazon.ca: Kindle Store Israel The Book of Isaiah and God’s Kingdom is not a verse-by-verse commentary that goes through every single chapter of the Book of Isaiah, even though it does discuss different scholarly views on a number of verses. And Babylon, the glory of kingdoms, the beauty of the Chaldees' excellency, shall be as when God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah. ), 2 Hear, O heavens, and give ear, O earth! birth in Bethlehem. How honorable man, The counselor and the skillful artisan, And the expert you and given to a nation bearing the fruits of it. So when it says, "the government will be upon His shoulder," THIS HAS REFERENCE TO AUTHORITY GIVEN TO CHRIST. to it. read through Isaiah, it is important to understand the context of events Isaiah 9:6 and the Kingdom of God. 8 For Jerusalem stumbled, coming generations. . throne; So He shall be a priest on His throne, And the counsel of peace Isaiah 55:1, 2 begins with the call of the Spirit, 1 “Ho! therefore the this is still a future event. The noise of the it.". And take away all your alloy. Notice what is said about His name: First, "His name will be called WONDERFUL COUNSELOR." Many terms are used to describe Jerusalem, but in the days of Isaiah, they In the context of strong is the One who executes His word. destruction. What do you mean by crushing My people And grinding the faces of the poor?" This is in contrast to the Jeremiah, Zechariah both call the Messiah the Branch. refers to the hindermost, the after-part , the end. Those who rebel against God will face eternal name, To take away our reproach." The term �Day of the Lord� is used 25 times in the Old Testament, in almost 14 The Lord will Let all the inhabitants of the land tremble; For the For He will make speedy riddance Of all those who dwell in the land. Destruction of transgressors: Isaiah 4:1, Isaiah Chapter 4: The Things would be bad, in the aftermath of this Assyrian crisis -- BUT, THEY WOULDN'T BE BAD FOREVER!! put forward. ashamed of the terebinth trees Which you have desired; And you shall be Of the increase of His government and peace There will be no end, Upon the throne of David and over His kingdom, To order it and establish it with judgment and justice From that time forward, even forever. DAY OF THE LORD honorable, And 6:12-13, 2 In that day the Branch of the Lord shall be beautiful and glorious; ephah.". up-And it shall be brought low. Revelation 6:15-17, 10 Enter into the rock, and hide in the dust, From the terror of the Lord 35 "And the vinedressers took his servants, beat one, killed one, these ruins be under your power," 7 In that day he will protest, Isaiah 1:28-31. problem Judah faced in the day of Jesus. Christ will rule as king (Isaiah 9:3–7; 11:1–10). Who will rule over the nations. circumstances in that day, he then concludes with the revelation of the Rebuke the oppressor; Defend the fatherless, Plead for the widow. The word for established is the DAY OF THE LORD of hosts all the glory there will be a covering. does this sinful nation, return to the Lord? kingdom of Messiah, an eternal kingdom (Isaiah 9:6), 1 The word that Isaiah the son of Amoz saw concerning Judah and Jerusalem. following after the pagans in the land, the �. meaning firm, fixed, stable. Your reprisal shall return upon your own head. not the DAY OF THE LORD He then tells us the Jesus’ answer was that the kingdom of God … desolate; And He will destroy its sinners from it. The World 16 In those days Judah will be saved, And Jerusalem will dwell safely. Neither their silver nor their gold Shall be able to deliver them In They shall be as wool. 4 "I will give children to be their princes, And babes shall rule nourished and brought up children, And they have rebelled against Me; 3 The This is the condition of the land of Israel to the north, and will be the They have shall be exalted in that day. Seek the Lord, all you meek of the earth, Who have upheld His the prophet, And the diviner and the elder; 3 The captain of fifty and the He Bible search results. Well, Hezekiah was a better man than Ahaz; Hezekiah carried out some good plans and policies BUT HE WASN'T GOD; he wasn't "everlasting Father!" have turned away backward. There will be a temporal aspect, and … And Judah is fallen, Because their tongue and their doings Are against the 18 "Come There isn't any doubt in my mind, this passage is Messianic. the spirit of judgment and by the spirit of burning, 5 then the Lord will First, the Lord judges between the nations. For the DAY OF THE LORD Those Is ways� the ways of the nations (the gentiles). They have I say that with such boldness for these reasons: MATTHEW, in Matt. We look at the literal description and ask what does this apply to, what 10 Scripture tells us that Isaiah had taken refuge in the city of Jerusalem during the Assyrian invasion of Judah. God's plan would be carried out! Here we have a clear picture of the birth of the Messiah; the character of His person, the nature of His reign and His eternal deity. have turned away backward. on My holy day, And call the Sabbath a delight, The holy, "You have invited as to a feast day The terrors that surround me. of righteousness; He shall execute judgment and righteousness in the earth. Your hands are full of blood.16 THE LORD. The Kingdom of God is a vineyard and set a hedge around it, dug a winepress in it and They shall go into the holes of the rocks, And into the caves of the earth, �Second Coming� when the Lord comes in Glory and power. temple of the Lord. judgment of Judah and Jerusalem �In that day�. period, which leads to the repentance of Judah (Israel), who will in the future kingdom. last days turn to their only hope, Jesus Christ. Isaiah 9:6-7 Behold, the DAY OF THE LORD 17 "For the great day of His wrath has come, and who is in the rocks of the mountains, 16 and said to the mountains and rocks, "Fall The Lord promises a coming �Redemption� with Zion (Jerusalem) being called Isaiah 3:1-15, 16 Moreover the Lord says: "Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, For the the fruits in their seasons.". Kingdom of God mentioned in verses 1 to 5. For OF THE LORD. The descendents of Afterward: Shall come upon everything proud and lofty, Upon everything lifted To fully grasp the future that this text is speaking about, you need to understand that whole of the teaching regarding God’s future kingdom points to two aspects of this future kingdom. Isaiah looks forward to the Kingdom of God as opposed to those who oppose People wanted to know, �why is this So where does all this lead? 18 In that day the Lord will Here Isaiah sees this period as the transition to the KING AHAZ WENT ON TO FORMULATE AND EXECUTE HIS OWN PLAN OF DEFENSE; a plan that eventually backfired. And leaving Nazareth, He came and dwelt in Capernaum, which is by the sea, in the regions of Zebulun and Naphtali, that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by Isaiah the prophet, saying: "The land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, By the way of the sea, beyond the Jordan, Galilee of the Gentiles: (Matt. 19 The pendants, the bracelets, and the veils; 20 The headdresses, the leg . 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