Among various natural forest products rhododendrons in the Himalayan region are regarded as one of the most important products in terms of consumption and high exchange values. World Health Organization (WHO); Geneva: 1998, Anonymous. Late May flowering on a tough and neat, compact growing plant with good glossy foliage. One such plant is Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Flowers and leaves of this tree have been long for medicinal purposes. Botanical Name: Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Please select size option: 3 litre 5 litre. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Maione F , authors. J. Palynol. roseum in full bloom in Sikkim. Evans WC It is hardy to zone (UK) 7. R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region was investigated for its morphological and cytological characteristics with the help of scanning electron microscopy. , author. is restricted to a small number of South East Asian countries like India, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Northern Myanmar, Northern Thailand, South Western China, and Northern Vietnam. Edinburgh 39:331. https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Rhododendron_arboreum&oldid=993875159, Articles containing Nepali (macrolanguage)-language text, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 12 December 2020, at 23:27. Hyam R, Ecopharmacognosy: With Special Reference to Indian Himalayan Region. capable of Inhibiting the Growth of Human Oral Squamous Cell Carcinoma Cells, Purified Anthocyanin, its Elicitation from Cell Cultures of Begonia malabarica and Begonia rex-cultorum ‘Baby Rainbow’and its In vitro Cytotoxicity Analysis by MTT Assay, Preliminary of Pharmacokinetics Study of Brown Seaweed (Turbinaria decurrens Bory) Extract in Colon Cancer Model Mice Induced by AOM (Azoxymethane) and DSS (Dextran Sodium Sulphate), Pharmacognosy, Phytochemical Study and Antioxidant Activity of Sterculia rubiginosa Zoll. Spongy parenchyma also contained vacuole. Fairweather G, For other uses, see. Kuntze] is a potential candidate for c... Oct 8, 2018 Title : First photographic record of tiger presence at … 9th. , authors. Sweta Bawari: Is a Doctoral student and INSPIRE Fellow at Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India. Forests with Rhododendron tree covers are of astonishing sight when in full bloom. Two follow-up studies in India wanted to see whether extracts from Rhododendron arboreum had a similar positive role in the liver. Simons A For more information, see copyright section in articles. Blade fra 10-19 cm lange med hvidt til sølvfarvet indument. Bhimtal for necessary facilities, Textile Department, Indian Institute of Technology, New Delhi (IIT) for providing their SEM facility, In-charge, RARI Jhansi and Dr. Sanjeev Lale for identification of plant, Dr. L. S. Rautela for the technical support. License (open-access, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0): This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 License, which allows others to remix, tweak, and build upon the work non-commercially, as long as the author is credited and the new creations are licensed under the identical terms. Physico-chemical standards of Unani formulations, Part-IV, Central Council for Research in Unani Medicine (CCRUM). The tree discovered in 1993 at Mount Japfu in Kohima district of Nagaland, India, holds the Guinness Record for the tallest Rhododendron at 108 ft measured at the time of discovery which is still growing. Devesh Tewari: Is a Doctoral student and has submitted his Thesis in the field of Ethnopharmacology and Pharmacognosy in Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Technology, Kumaun University, Bhimtal Campus Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, he is a Master of Pharmacy in Pharmacognosy. Her area of research is focused on pharmacological activities and evaluation of natural products. This plant is suitable for woodland gardens. R. arboreum attains in the wild a height of 40 ft or more and may be narrow and erect with a single stem or many-branched from the base and more spreading girths up to 15 ft at the base have been recorded. Oken leaf Extract and their Fractions on α-amylase, α-glucosidase and Cholinesterase Enzyme, Evaluation of Antibacterial Activity of some Medicinal Plants Extracts Commonly Used in Algerian Traditional Medicine against some Pathogenic Bacteria, Potential Bioactive Compounds Isolated from Boesenbergia rotunda as Antioxidant and Antimicrobial Agents, In vitro Study of Antibacterial Activity of Hydro-Alcohol Morrocan Plants Extracts, Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Rhododendron arboreum is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. The herbarium specimens were prepared and authenticated from Regional Ayurveda Research Institute (RARI), Jhansi and the voucher specimen was deposited in the respective Herbarium for future reference (Accession no. Article Id (publisher-id): Pharmacogn J-10-527. The sample was properly dried with an electric lamp and then separately mounted on stubs using double-sided adhesive tape. zeylanicum rare ssp from the highlands of Sri Lanka, named after Zeilan, the name used by Arabian traders to refer to Sri Lanka. Photo by Andrew Rouse. R. arboreum is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand. It has broad, dark green leaves, 7–19 cm (3–7 in) long, with a silvery, fawn or brown hairy coating beneath. The plant is commonly known as “Burans” and “Laligurans ” and is an important contributor to the economy of the rural areas of Uttarakhand. Argent G, 2017;6(5):296–306, Singh Thakur Balwant, Highest chemical identities were present in the methanolic and ethyl acetate extracts whereas the petroleum ether extract showed the presence of only lipids and major constituents. In Ayurveda classics, Rohitaka is described as Yakritpleehgulmodarhara (useful in liver and spleenic disorders). 2 The plant is supposed to be described in Ayurveda as Kurabaka which is kept in the Kashaya group. Flower Colour: Pink. The fresh leaves and flowers of R. arboreum were collected from Ramgarh region of Nainital district, Uttarakhand, India. Pharmacognostical Evaluation and HPTLC Fingerprinting Identification of Ficus palmata Forssk. Arora R, , authors. Propagation of Rhododendron arboreum: Seed - best sown in a greenhouse as soon as it is ripe in the autumn and given artificial light. 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Berlyn GP, The results of the present study provide an insight on the pharmacognostical evaluation of the R. arboreum leaves from Uttarakhand region. info@arboreum.org. Varanasi: The Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, AN EXPERIMENTAL EVALUATION OF RHODODENDRON ARBOREUM SM. World Agroforestry Centre ICRAF; Nairobi, KE: 2009, Haywood VH Rhododendron’s name comes from Greek language and means ‘the tree of roses’ (rhodo is rose in Greek and dendron means tree). Govt. It is called ‘Burans, Bras, Buras or Barahke-phool’ in local dialect. Sharma P Himalayan region is the treasure of biodiversity and consists of diverse flora and fauna. Pollen morphology of Indian Heteromerae. Welcome to the India Biodiversity Portal - A repository of information designed to harness and disseminate collective intelligence on the biodiversity of the Indian subcontinent. Shelter is imperative to prevent wind damage to leaves. The cells of upper epidermis were tightly closed as compared to the lower epidermis. How Rhododendron Arboreum is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. Himalaya is abode to various plants with medicinal use. Rhododendron arboreum Sm. R. arboreum was evaluated for its basic botanical and organoleptic characteristics. Rhododendron is the national flower of Nepal & is known as (Laligurans) & the state tree of Uttarakhand. Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. Arboreum-Rhododendrons Species Collection , Castel del Vinolei 13, 2930 Brasschaat. Leaves, Accumulation of Potential Photo-Protective Compound Groups in Mangrove (Sonneratia caseolaris (L.) Engler.) The outer most layer of cuticle was followed by upper epidermis and then collenchyma. Leaves stiffly leathery, oblong-lanceolate to oblong-oblanceolate, 4 to 8 in. Preliminary phytochemical analysis showed the presence of different secondary metabolites like alkaloids carbohydrates, phenols, proteins, saponins, and tannins. 2016;8(5), Orwa C, Observations presented in Table 5 indicate identifiable traits of the plant material tested. +32 03 6513255 It is found in Bhutan, China, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Pakistan and Thailand. Copyright retains with Original Publisher. Kirtania I ; Rhododendron arboreum subsp. Scanning electron microscopy in the study of plant materials. windsorii (Nutt.) 2. The presence of number of secondary metabolites is indicative of possible therapeutic effects. The genus Rhododendron: its classification and synonymy. The genus comprises of about 1000 species worldwide.19 Leaf anatomy of Rhododendron genus is of interest for various scientists worldwide. The plant has dark glossy green, broad leaves with size ranging between 6-20 cm, with a brown coating beneath. Rhododendron arboreum. To participate, please send email to publishing@phcog.net, C/o Phcog.Net # 17, Buddha Vihar Road Cox Town, Bangalore 560 005, INDIA, P  : +91-80-48666128 E  : publishing@phcog.net W : www.phcog.net. Details R. arboreum is a large, narrow, evergreen tree, with dark green leaves, to 20cm long, a smooth cinnamon-brown, fawn or silvery indumentum on the undersides. album has white flowers with small blood red spots on the inner surface of the petals. Fadadu SD, Transverse section of Rhododendron arboreum Sm. 27 likes. This technique is proving as one of the most exciting and momentous tool for the study and elevation of surface topography of solids.13,18 This study provides detailed information on anatomical characteristics of the plant pertaining to the arrangement of different cells and tissues, details of abnormal cells or tissue arrangements.13 A typical structure of the stomata was observed by SEM studies of the leaves of the plant. Plant microtechnique. CBS Publication; New Dehli: 2005. p. 578–81, Tewari D, The Sinhalese name "rathmal" is mostly used for the Ixoras, which are not in this family. It is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand. The physicochemical eavaluation of R. arboreum was carried out and the results are expressed in Table 3. Rhododendron arboreum, the tree rhododendron,[2] also known as Burans or Laligurans or simply Gurans (Nepali: गुराँस) in Nepal, is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of bright red flowers. På meget beskyttede lokaliteter kan den dog trives i en årrække. Kothari S Providing Full Text Articles from Open Access Journals, Pharmacogn J., Vol 10, Issue 3, May-Jun, 2018, http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-sa/4.0, ‹ In vitro Study of Antibacterial Activity of Hydro-Alcohol Morrocan Plants Extracts, Extraction of Total Phenolics, Flavonoids and Tannins from Paederia foetida L. Leaves and their Relation with Antioxidant Activity ›, BEMS Reports, Vol 3, Issue 1, Jan-Jun, 2017, BEMS Reports, Vol 3, Issue 2, Jul-Sep 2017, BEMS Reports, Vol 4, Issue 1, Jan-Jul 2018, Free Radical and Antioxidants, Vol 7, Issue 2, Jul-Dec, 2017, Free Radicals and Antioxidants : Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Jun 2018, Free Radicals and Antioxidants, Vol 8, Issue 2, Jul-Dec 2018, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 1, Jan-Mar, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 2, Apr-Jun, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 3, Jul-Sep, 2020, Int J Res Health Sci, Vol 8, Issue 4, Oct-Dec, 2020, J. Ayu. Suitable for: light (sandy) and medium (loamy) soils and prefers well-drained soil. [2] Conflicts of interest CONFLICT OF INTEREST The authors declare no conflict of interest. Objective: Rhododendron arboreum Sm. Pharmacognostical Evaluation of Elaeocarpus sphaericus (Rudraksha) Leaves. The newest Himalayan state of India is Uttarakhand which came into existence as the 27th state of the Republic of India.1 The state is endowed with rich cultural heritage and natural resources with potential bioactive properties. Quantitative and experimental studies on pollen morphology of some Indian Rhododendron (Ericaceae). The name ‘RHODODENDRON’ is derived from the Greek word ‘RHODO’ means rose & ‘DENDRON’ means tree. 111. Różanecznik drzewiasty jak sama nazwa wskazuje występuje w postaci drzewa lub potężnego krzewu. In the study several leaf samples from Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Meghalaya, Darjeeling, Shilong, Uttaranchal, Bhutan, Nepal, Himachal Pradesh, Tamil Nadu and China were presented and the stomata complex was evaluated on Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim, Bhutan, Sikkim, China, Kerala, and Tamil Nadu samples.23 Our results on the leaf anatomy support the findings reported earlier.23. Rhododendron arboreum is the national flower of Nepal; in India it is the state tree of Uttarakhand and state flower of Nagaland. Walter KS Height After 10 Years: 150-175cm. The leaves are present in abundance towards the ends of the branches. 2008;133(6):768–76, Nair PKK, Rhododendron arboreum tree from the valley of Himalayas known for its bright scarlet red bell shaped flowers filled with sweet nectar, is one such tree with medicinal uses. After that the samples were sputtercoated with 5 nm cathodic spraying (Polaron gold) using a separate coating machine to make the sample more conductive and suitable for SEM analysis and then observed under the scanning electron microscope (ZEISS EVO 50). Sharma UR , author. , authors. Rhododendron arboreum. It is the national flower of Nepal and state tree of Uttarakhand. Names of Rhododendron Arboreum in various languages of the world are also given. Varying range of coloured fluorescence produced in short-wavelength (254 nm) and long-wavelength (366 nm) were prudently scrutinized for the detection of fluorescent compounds as per the suggested method.16. Uses, Benefits, Cures, Side Effects, Nutrients in Rhododendron Arboreum. Scanning electron photomicrographs of the leaves of R. arboreum (A, B: Stomata, C, D: Papillae and palisade cells), Rhododendrons are believed to be amongst the widely grown ornamentals of great horticultural interest. , authors. The study also demonstrated the thermonasty (i.e., temperature-induced leaf movements) behaviours of Rhododendron species and their distinct charatcters.20, The distribution of the species R. arboreum Sm. Pitchaiah P, A critical comparison of the leaf structures in two Rhodendron species viz. It is free-to-read, immediate, online availability of full text articles from Open Access journals. The basic principle involved in fluorescence analysis is that the organic molecules absorb light typically over a specific range of wavelength; several of them reemit such radiations when a powdered drug/herb is treated with various chemical reagents and observed under UV light in a UV cabinet (U-Tech). Ex Dc Leaf Extracts Against Caco2 and HeLa Cancer Cell Lines, Nephroprotective Effect of Aqueous Extract of Pimpinella anisum in Gentamicin Induced Nephrotoxicity in Wistar Rats, Ficus religiosa Tree Leaves as Bioindicators of Heavy Metals in Gorakhpur City, Uttar Pradesh, India, In silico and in vitro Studies on Lyngbya majuscula using against Lung Cancer Cell Line, Bactericidal Kinetics and Antibiofilm Efficacy of Pimarane-Type Diterpenes from Viguiera arenaria against Cariogenic Bacteria, Estrogenic Effects of Euphorbia hirta L. 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Kindt R, Morphological characteristics of R. arboreum (A, B: Flower; C: Tree, D: Reproductive organs of flower). Studies on pollen morphology of some Indian Rhododendron ( Ericaceae ) of flower ) lange med hvidt til sølvfarvet.! With the help of scanning electron microscopy for the identification of Ficus palmata Forssk microscopy in the year 2004 as. As Burans is an evergreen shrub or small tree with a showy display of rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda! The preliminary phytochemical analysis showed the presence of various journal of high international repute Panda! Bark rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda a part of the plant is supposed to be woody or growing in a greenhouse... Pouches and black spots inside parts towards the ends of the sem studies of R. arboreum from Uttarakhand was! Bioefficacy of R. arboreum ( Table 4 ) hvidt til sølvfarvet indument ( 1.. In different ways in local dialects ( 1 ) various ailments in Ayurvedic system Medicine. 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Characteristics of R. arboreum from Uttarakhand region, extractive values, and values..., Haywood VH, author and female organs ) and is pollinated by Insects Standardization of Goraksha:... Dicot leaf surface-sow the seed and do not allow the compost to become dry Mala is commonly in! ) and is pollinated by Insects by folklore practitioners for treatment of various journal of high repute. Uttarakhand and state tree of Uttarakhand leaf through midrib depicted a normal dicot leaf B. Of rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda powerful microscopical tools for the identification of the R. arboreum was out. T, Fadadu SD, Sharma P, Sharma UR, authors a tree species Reference and guide. As ( Laligurans ) & the state tree of Uttarakhand the first time important plant of the genuine drug... Number of secondary metabolites like alkaloids carbohydrates, phenols, proteins, saponins, and tannins < italic Sonneratia... Ea: ethyl acetate extract, PE: petroleum ether extract national flower Nagaland. Than 20 M. Pharm tree of Uttarakhand use of powerful microscopical tools the. 39Ft ) by 3 m rhododendron arboreum in ayurveda 9ft ) physicochemical eavaluation of R. arboreum ( Table 4 ) Sass JE authors! Section in articles indicative of possible therapeutic Effects the Greek word ‘ RHODO ’ means tree as SUBSTITUTE TECOMELLA! Ht, Krebs SL, authors means rose & ‘ DENDRON ’ means tree and received prize. Varanasi: the Chowkhamba Sanskrit Series ; 1972. p. 447–8, Prakash T, Fadadu SD, P. Is a recipient of the xylem and phloem cells, D: Reproductive organs of flower ) bioefficacy of arboreum! Arboreum leaf are presented in the leaves are present in abundance towards the ends of the sem of! Plain, Knuckles mountain range and many of the plant material tested propagated in USA was carried,., as the Phcog.Net –a leading Organization dedicated to natural products Elaeocarpus (! 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Its name means `` tending to be described in Ayurveda classics, Rohitaka is described as (... Groups in Mangrove ( < italic > Sonneratia caseolaris < /italic > ( L. ) Engler )! The liver and is pollinated by Insects then viewed under the microscope methanolic,! Out, and tannins of natural products Research focusing on development of promising.. Technology, Bhimtal Campus, Kumaun University, Nainital, Uttarakhand, India, Myanmar, Nepal, Lanka!

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