[15], A YouGov survey from 2017 also indicated growing support for the smoking ban, with 83 percent supporting the ban as against 78 percent in 2007. [22] Additionally, a 2003 review of 97 studies from around the world had shown that a smoking ban would not necessarily harm the hospitality and pub industry by reducing sales or employment. Additionally, licensed premises in the UK were already highly regulated. [, In 2005, researchers found that passive smoking “increases the risk of coronary heart disease by approximately 30 percent. The smoking ban seems to have not only improved public health but also inaugurated an era of comprehensive tobacco policy. In November 2004, the government published the white paper on public health, detailing its intention to introduce the provisions in smoke-free premises. Local councils were in charge of enforcing the law, and extra officers were taken on to ensure compliance. The tobacco industry invested in denying and distracting attention from the link between cigarettes and bad health, despite being aware of the health risks posed by smoking. [18] At the same time, the tobacco industry has had to concede the negative health effects of smoking and secondhand smoke. The policy was designed with their input in mind, particularly that of the medical profession, through bodies such as the British Medical Association, not-for-profits such as the King’s Fund, and the National Health Service trusts responsible for hospitals and clinics. [, The fact that there had been a gradual movement towards banning smoking in workplaces and enclosed public spaces helped the feasibility of implementing a complete ban. [16] The ban has since been extended to cover the use of Electronic cigarettes. The ban … The streets will be much cleaner if smoking is banned. These bans can mak… Innovation in the face of crisis: Insights from European Cities, How the UK can respond to the COVID-19 crisis, Reimagining Government: CPI x ANZSOG Webinar Series, The Public Impact Fundamentals Report (en, de, es, pt, fr), The Public Impact Fundamentals Teaching Materials, We are a not-for-profit, founded by BCG, that works with governments, public servants, and other changemakers to. 1. As you can in our ten year timeline, the smoking ban is one of a series of moves to discourage smoking. The Choosing Health white paper was based on extensive evidence favouring a ban. [, In the 1960s and 1970s, smoking in public places such as buses, trains, cinemas, theatres, public houses and restaurants in the UK was allowed. Despite initial opposition by pro-smoking lobbying groups and business, the ban has been adopted and complied with throughout the country. They help protect the health of people. We want as many changemakers as possible to learn how to design and deliver impactful policies and make our vision government a reality. We turn ideas into action so that government works for everyone. Today, the UK has some of the most comprehensive tobacco control regulations worldwide. In England, the legislation resulted in a statistically significant reduction (-2.4 percent) in the number of hospital admissions for myocardial infarction (MI). In England, the legislation resulted in a statistically significant reduction (-2.4 percent) in the number of hospital admissions for myocardial infarction (MI). Respiratory Symptoms, Pulmonary Function, and Markers of Inflammation Among Bar Workers Before and After a Legislative Ban on Smoking in Public Places. [9][10] The paper was “drawn up after one of the largest public consultations at the time, involving 150,000 people”. The owners and employees of “wet pubs” (those that would get the majority of revenues from drinking customers) were especially worried about the effect the ban would have on their clientele and revenue.[18]. It is recognised, however, that the smoking ban has changed the pub landscape; pubs have become more family-friendly and more like restaurants, and many of the traditional pubs have had to change their business models to survive.[18]Â. [, ] There was a fall in respiratory illness reported by bar workers immediately after the ban. . However, over time, the 2006 Act’s effects on many of such premises proved less severe than anticipated, and smoking has become increasingly socially unacceptable; accordingly, the level of opposition declined. Learn more about the Fundamentals and how you can use them to access your own policies and initiatives. [6][7][8] The WHO also recognised the increased health risks of passive smoking to those working in licensed premises [23].Â, A similar ban had been enforced in New York in 2003, under the New York City Smoke-Free Air Act of 2002. It banned smoking in all enclosed public places and work places when it came into force in England on 1 July 2007. [, ] Additionally, a 2003 review of 97 studies from around the world had shown that a smoking ban would not necessarily harm the hospitality and pub industry by reducing sales or employment. As a result, people can eat at restaurants, enjoy a cup of coffee at coffee shops, and get into public transport without having to worry about their health. [15], The Association of Train Operating Companies and Network Rail introduced an extended ban on smoking covering all railway property including all National Rail station platforms whether enclosed or not. In Wales, it was enforced from April 2nd. [10], The main resistance to the change came from pro-smoking pressure groups and the owners of licensed premises such as pubs. According to the BBC, assessing the full impact of the smoking ban on health will take time, as decreasing rates of lung cancer will only show themselves in the coming decades. According to the BBC, assessing the full impact of the smoking ban on health will take time, as decreasing rates of lung cancer will only show themselves in the coming decades. [12], The number of pubs in the UK has fallen since the ban, with almost 7,000 pubs (out of an existing 56,000) closing between 2007 and 2015. [, The Choosing Health white paper was based on extensive evidence favouring a ban. [4] On the same day, the government released the results of the public consultation, after Cancer Research UK demanded them under the Freedom of Information Act, which revealed that nearly 9 out of 10 respondents wanted a total ban.[4]. 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